Section 1129 Enforcement



What is Section 1129?

The Office of the Counsel for Investigations and Enforcement (OCIE) uses Section 1129 of the Social Security Act to impose civil monetary penalties (CMPs) against individuals who fraudulently receive or attempt to receive Social Security benefits. 

OCIE imposes CMPs against individuals who engage in misconduct by:  

  1. making false statements;
  2. making misrepresentations;
  3. omissions of withholding material facts in connection with obtaining or retaining Social Security benefits/payments; and/or
  4. conversion of beneficiary’s benefits/payments by a representative payee for their own personal use instead of being used for the care and well-being of the beneficiary as intended. 

The false statement, misrepresentation, omission of withholding material facts, or conversion of benefits can be a verbal or written statement made to SSA.  Any individual who seeks SSA benefits for themselves or another individual has the responsibility to report all material information to SSA within 10 days after the month it happens.  Material withholdings are actionable even when there is a no verbal or written communication with SSA. 

Section 1129 violations can be verbal or written statement made to SSA personnel, or--with the failure to report--there may be no SSA contact.  The fraudulent actions must be committed in an effort to obtain or continue to receive benefits.

Civil Monetary Penalty Amounts

As of January 2019, the CMP statute permits penalties of up to $8,457 for each false statement, each material omission, or conversion of benefits.  Furthermore, each act or omission equals a separate violation.  

Example: If an SSI recipient fails to report a change in their living arrangements that might render him/her ineligible for SSA payments or fails to report receipt of a resource, e.g., Workers’ Compensation benefits we can impose a maximum penalty of $8,457 for each month the violation occurred.

In addition to CMPs, SSA also has the authority to impose an additional assessment in lieu of damages.  Section 1129 of the Act permits OIG to double the overpayment, unlike the criminal arena, which authorizes restitution equal to the amount stolen.  In numerous CMP cases, OIG has seen more severe financial consequences from imposing CMPs than from the criminal prosecutions. 

Section 1129 Case Summaries

(Click title for link to summary)

Living Arrangements

Representative Payee

Excess Income/Resources

Concealment of Work Activity

Claimant Feigned Disability to Collect Benefits