ENDED JUNE 30, 2007

March 2009




By conducting independent and objective audits, evaluations and investigations, we inspire public confidence in the integrity and security of SSA's programs and operations and protect them against fraud, waste and abuse. We provide timely, useful and reliable information and advice to Administration officials, Congress and the public.


The Inspector General Act created independent audit and investigative units, called the Office of Inspector General (OIG). The mission of the OIG, as spelled out in the Act, is to:

Conduct and supervise independent and objective audits and investigations relating to agency programs and operations.
Promote economy, effectiveness, and efficiency within the agency.
Prevent and detect fraud, waste, and abuse in agency programs and operations.
Review and make recommendations regarding existing and proposed legislation and regulations relating to agency programs and operations.
Keep the agency head and the Congress fully and currently informed of problems in agency programs and operations.

To ensure objectivity, the IG Act empowers the IG with:

Independence to determine what reviews to perform.
Access to all information necessary for the reviews.
Authority to publish findings and recommendations based on the reviews.


We strive for continual improvement in SSA's programs, operations and management by proactively seeking new ways to prevent and deter fraud, waste and abuse. We commit to integrity and excellence by supporting an environment that provides a valuable public service while encouraging employee development and retention and fostering diversity and innovation.


Date: March 19, 2009

To: Candace Skurnik
Director Audit Management and Liaison Staff

From: Inspector General

Subject: Management Advisory Report: Single Audit of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2007 (A-77-09-00007)

This report presents the Social Security Administration's (SSA) portion of the single audit of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2007. Our objective was to report internal control weaknesses, noncompliance issues, and unallowable costs identified in the single audit to SSA for resolution action.

Ernst & Young, LLP, performed the audit. We have not received the results of the desk review conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). We will notify you when we receive the results if HHS determines the audit did not meet Federal requirements. In reporting the results of the single audit, we relied entirely on the internal control and compliance work performed by Ernst & Young, LLP, and the reviews performed by HHS. We conducted our review in accordance with the Quality Standards for Inspections issued by the President's Council on Integrity and Efficiency.

For single audit purposes, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) assigns Federal programs a Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) number. SSA's Disability Insurance (DI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs are identified by CFDA number 96. SSA is responsible for resolving single audit findings reported under this CFDA number.

The Pennsylvania Disability Determination Services (DDS) performs disability determinations under SSA's DI and SSI programs in accordance with Federal regulations. The Pennsylvania DDS is reimbursed for 100 percent of allowable costs. The Department of Labor and Industry (L&I) is the Pennsylvania DDS' parent agency.

The Office of Vocational Rehabilitation (OVR) in L&I provides vocational rehabilitation services to Social Security beneficiaries. SSA reimburses OVR for direct costs of items purchased for these individuals and for indirect costs related to providing administrative, placement, and counseling services as well as for tracking and monitoring work activity.

The single audit reported:

1. OVR could not provide documentation to support $22,268 reimbursed by SSA for vocational rehabilitation services (Attachment A, Pages 1 and 2). The corrective action plan indicates that the missing documentation resulted from filing errors, and a new filing procedure will be put in place (Attachment A, Page 15).

2. Payments for unused leave when employees either retired or terminated employment were improperly charged to the SSA program, resulting in a questioned cost amount of $1,546,376 (Attachment A, Pages 3 through 6). The corrective action plan indicates the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is aware of this situation and is addressing it (Attachment A, Page 16).

3. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is not in compliance with the Cash Management Improvement Act (CMIA) regulations and procedures for clearance pattern requirements and interest calculations. As a result, the interest liability on the CMIA Annual Report as submitted to the Department of the Treasury was misstated by at least $7,487,910 (Attachment A, Pages 7 through 14). The corrective action plan indicates a new check clearance study has been completed (Attachment A, Page 16). The Office of the Inspector General is conducting an audit of administrative costs claimed by the Pennsylvania DDS
(A-15-09-19021) that covers the same time period as this single audit. The administrative cost audit will review DDS cash draws and make recommendations as appropriate. Accordingly, we are not making a recommendation related to this finding.

We recommend that SSA:

1. Determine whether the $22,268 reimbursement to OVR was appropriate and, if not, request a refund of the unallowable costs.

2. Remind OVR to maintain documentation to support SSA reimbursements for vocational rehabilitation services.

3. Determine whether the $1,546,376 in unused leave payments charged to SSA was appropriate and, if not, request a refund of the unallowable costs.

The single audit also disclosed the following findings that may impact the DDS' operations although they are not specifically identified to SSA. I am bringing these matters to your attention as they represent potentially serious service delivery and financial control problems for the Agency.

" Adequate documentation was not maintained to support that new service providers were checked for debarment or suspension status on the List of Parties Excluded from Federal Procurement and Nonprocurement Programs (Attachment B, Pages 1-3).

" Weaknesses in internal controls over personnel resulted when the semi-annual certifications for employees working 100 percent on the Rehabilitation Services-Vocational Rehabilitation Grants to States program were not included for all personnel (Attachment B, Page 4).

Please send copies of the final Audit Clearance Document to Ken Bennett. If you have questions contact Ken Bennett at (816) 221-0315 extension 1558.

Patrick P. O'Carroll, Jr.

Overview of the Office of the Inspector General
The Office of the Inspector General (OIG) is comprised of an Office of Audit (OA), Office of Investigations (OI), Office of the Counsel to the Inspector General (OCIG), Office of External Relations (OER), and Office of Technology and Resource Management (OTRM). To ensure compliance with policies and procedures, internal controls, and professional standards, the OIG also has a comprehensive Professional Responsibility and Quality Assurance program.

Office of Audit
OA conducts financial and performance audits of the Social Security Administration's (SSA) programs and operations and makes recommendations to ensure program objectives are achieved effectively and efficiently. Financial audits assess whether SSA's financial statements fairly present SSA's financial position, results of operations, and cash flow. Performance audits review the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness of SSA's programs and operations. OA also conducts short-term management reviews and program evaluations on issues of concern to SSA, Congress, and the general public.

Office of Investigations
OI conducts investigations related to fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement in SSA programs and operations. This includes wrongdoing by applicants, beneficiaries, contractors, third parties, or SSA employees performing their official duties. This office serves as liaison to the Department of Justice on all matters relating to the investigation of SSA programs and personnel. OI also conducts joint investigations with other Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies.

Office of the Counsel to the Inspector General
OCIG provides independent legal advice and counsel to the IG on various matters, including statutes, regulations, legislation, and policy directives. OCIG also advises the IG on investigative procedures and techniques, as well as on legal implications and conclusions to be drawn from audit and investigative material. Also, OCIG administers the Civil Monetary Penalty program.

Office of External Relations
OER manages OIG's external and public affairs programs, and serves as the principal advisor on news releases and in providing information to the various news reporting services. OER develops OIG's media and public information policies, directs OIG's external and public affairs programs, and serves as the primary contact for those seeking information about OIG. OER prepares OIG publications, speeches, and presentations to internal and external organizations, and responds to Congressional correspondence.

Office of Technology and Resource Management
OTRM supports OIG by providing information management and systems security. OTRM also coordinates OIG's budget, procurement, telecommunications, facilities, and human resources. In addition, OTRM is the focal point for OIG's strategic planning function, and the development and monitoring of performance measures. In addition, OTRM receives and assigns for action allegations of criminal and administrative violations of Social Security laws, identifies fugitives receiving benefit payments from SSA, and provides technological assistance to investigations.