We improve SSA programs and operations and protect them against fraud, waste, and abuse by conducting independent and objective audits, evaluations, and investigations. We provide timely, useful, and reliable information and advice to Administration officials, the Congress, and the public.


The Inspector General Act created independent audit and investigative units, called the Office of Inspector General (OIG). The mission of the OIG, as spelled out in the Act, is to:

Conduct and supervise independent and objective audits and investigations relating to agency programs and operations.
Promote economy, effectiveness, and efficiency within the agency.
Prevent and detect fraud, waste, and abuse in agency programs and operations.
Review and make recommendations regarding existing and proposed legislation and regulations relating to agency programs and operations.
Keep the agency head and the Congress fully and currently informed of problems in agency programs and operations.

To ensure objectivity, the IG Act empowers the IG with:

Independence to determine what reviews to perform.
Access to all information necessary for the reviews.
Authority to publish findings and recommendations based on the reviews.


By conducting independent and objective audits, investigations, and evaluations, we are agents of positive change striving for continuous improvement in the Social Security Administration's programs, operations, and management and in our own office.


Date: November 23, 2004

To: Dale Sopper
Deputy Commissioner
Office of Finance, Assessment and Management

From: Assistant Inspector General for Audit

Subject: Disclosure Statement Review of Maximus Inc. Home Office and Health Operations Divisions (A-15-04-34097)


Our objectives were to determine whether the revised disclosure statements for the Home Office and Health Operations Divisions of Maximus, Inc., dated January 20, 2004, a contractor for the Social Security Administration (SSA), were in compliance with appropriate regulations.


Certain contractors and subcontractors, such as Maximus, Inc., are required by Public Law 100-679 to comply with Federal Cost Accounting Standards, once they are awarded a contract that exceeds $500,000. Those standards provide instructions for contractors and subcontractors on the appropriate methodology to use when accounting for costs incurred and the necessity to make written disclosure that the standards have been followed.

Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR) state that the cognizant auditor is responsible for conducting reviews of disclosure statements for adequacy and compliance. Agency cognizance is determined to be the agency with the predominant financial interest and that agency should arrange for all audits at an organization. FAR requires the auditor to recommend whether the disclosure statements satisfactorily describe the cost accounting practices. Since SSA has the largest dollar amount of negotiated contracts, including options, with Maximus, Inc., SSA is the cognizant agency.

Maximus, Inc. has submitted to SSA revised disclosure statements to reflect changes in the disclosure statement requirements and changes to the corporate structure at Maximus, Inc. Maximus' prior disclosure statements were dated December 7, 1994.


Our review determined the revised disclosure statements adequately described Maximus' revised cost accounting practices. The practices, as described in the revised disclosure statements, comply with applicable Cost Accounting Standards.

Steven L. Schaeffer

APPENDIX A - Accounting Practices
APPENDIX B - Scope and Methodology
APPENDIX C - OIG Contacts and Staff Acknowledgments

Appendix A
Accounting Practices

Based on our review of the disclosure statements, we determined that the following cost accounting practices in the disclosure statements have the greatest impact on Federal contracts:

Home Office:

1. Item 1.4.0 - Description of Cost Accounting System - Actual costs - Job order
2. Item 1.6.0 - Unallowable Costs
3. Item 6.1.0 - Method of Charging and Crediting Vacation, Holiday and Sick Pay
4. Item 8.1.0 - Organizational Structure
5. Item 8.3.0 - Expenses or Pools of Expenses and Methods of Allocation

Health Operations:

1. Item 1.4.0 - Description of Cost Accounting System - Actual costs - Job order
2. Item 1.6.0 - Unallowable Costs
3. Item 2.2.0 - Method of Charging Direct Material
4. Item 2.5.0 - Method of Charging Direct Labor
5. Item 2.7.0 - Description of Other Direct Costs
6. Item 2.8.0 - Credits to Contract Costs
7. Item 3.2.0 - Treatment of Costs of Specified Functions, Elements of Cost, or Transactions
8. Item 4.1.0 - Overhead Pools
9. Item 4.2.0 - General and Administrative (G&A) Pool(s)
10. Item 4.5.0 - Application of Overhead & G&A Rates to Specified Transactions or Costs
11. Item 4.6.0 - Independent Research and Development (IR&D) and Bid and Proposal (B&P) Costs

Appendix B
Scope and Methodology

Our review focused on the revised disclosure statements for Maximus, Inc. Home Office and Health Operations Divisions. We reviewed the Cost Accounting Standards and obtained an understanding of how the Cost Accounting Standards relate to the adequacy and compliance of the disclosure statements.

We determined the following cost accounting standards apply to Maximus, Inc.


401 Consistency in Estimating, Accumulating and Reporting Costs
402 Consistency in Allocating Costs Incurred for the Same Purpose
403 Allocation of Home Office Expenses to Segments
404 Capitalization of Tangible Assets
405 Accounting for Unallowable Costs
406 Cost Accounting Period
408 Accounting for Costs of Compensated Personal Absence
409 Depreciation of Tangible Capital Assets
412 Composition and Measurement of Pension Cost
413 Adjustment and Allocation of Pension Cost
415 Cost of Deferred Compensation
418 Allocation of Direct and Indirect Costs
420 Accounting for Independent Research and Development Costs and Bid and Proposal Costs

We identified the accounting practices with the greatest impact on Government contracts (see Appendix A). We verified on a test basis that these practices were being applied by Maximus, Inc.

We also tested the logical interrelationships between data within the disclosure statements. We reviewed the disclosure statements to determine whether they adequately described Maximus' cost accounting practices and whether the disclosed practices complied with the appropriate rules, regulations and standards.

Our review was limited to reviewing the Home Office and Health Operations Divisions' disclosure statements submitted by Maximus, Inc. We reviewed the statements for adequacy and compliance to verify that the contractor's actual accounting practices were the same as those in the disclosure statements.

We conducted our review in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards. Our fieldwork was performed in Baltimore, Maryland; and Reston, Virginia between March and October 2004.

Appendix C
OIG Contacts and Staff Acknowledgments
OIG Contacts
Lance Chilcoat, Audit Manager, (410) 965-9743

In addition to those named above:
Jackie Patel, Auditor-in-Charge
Sandra Westfall, Program Analyst
Annette DeRito, Writer-Editor

For additional copies of this report, please visit our web site at or contact the Office of the Inspector General's Public Affairs Specialist at (410) 965-3218. Refer to Common Identification Number A-15-04-34097.

Overview of the Office of the Inspector General

The Office of the Inspector General (OIG) is comprised of our Office of Investigations (OI), Office of Audit (OA), Office of the Chief Counsel to the Inspector General (OCCIG), and Office of Executive Operations (OEO). To ensure compliance with policies and procedures, internal controls, and professional standards, we also have a comprehensive Professional Responsibility and Quality Assurance program.

Office of Audit

OA conducts and/or supervises financial and performance audits of the Social Security Administration's (SSA) programs and operations and makes recommendations to ensure program objectives are achieved effectively and efficiently. Financial audits assess whether SSA's financial statements fairly present SSA's financial position, results of operations, and cash flow. Performance audits review the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness of SSA's programs and operations. OA also conducts short-term management and program evaluations and projects on issues of concern to SSA, Congress, and the general public.

Office of Investigations

OI conducts and coordinates investigative activity related to fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement in SSA programs and operations. This includes wrongdoing by applicants, beneficiaries, contractors, third parties, or SSA employees performing their official duties. This office serves as OIG liaison to the Department of Justice on all matters relating to the investigations of SSA programs and personnel. OI also conducts joint investigations with other Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies.

Office of the Chief Counsel to the Inspector General

OCCIG provides independent legal advice and counsel to the IG on various matters, including statutes, regulations, legislation, and policy directives. OCCIG also advises the IG on investigative procedures and techniques, as well as on legal implications and conclusions to be drawn from audit and investigative material. Finally, OCCIG administers the Civil Monetary Penalty program.

Office of Executive Operations

OEO supports OIG by providing information resource management and systems security. OEO also coordinates OIG's budget, procurement, telecommunications, facilities, and human resources. In addition, OEO is the focal point for OIG's strategic planning function and the development and implementation of performance measures required by the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993.